When studying diabetes mellitus pathophysiology, you need to understand the type of diabetes that presents in the body. There are three different types of diabetes. The pathophysiology of Type 2 Diabetes is different than that of Type 1 or gestational diabetes. A growing number of people are being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes that is due to insulin resistance, most often due to obesity.
The pathophysiology of Type 2 Diabetes is that the body is not producing enough insulin in order to properly aid in food digestion. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that breaks down components in foods and drink so that they can be eliminated through the digestive tract. With the case of diabetes mellitus pathophysiology, there is not enough insulin being produced to aid in this digestive process. Pancreas is the organ that converts carbohydrates to glucose which is then transferred into the bloodstream. Certain carbohydrates are especially detrimental to those with diabetes mellitus pathophysiology as they contain high concentrations of sugar. These foods include those that are classified as simple carbohydrates such as cakes, sweets, cookies, candy, sugary sodas, alcohol and other sweetened products. Those who have the pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes are not producing enough insulin in order to properly break down these foods. This causes a strain on the entire digestive system, including the kidneys that work harder to eliminate waste from the bloodstream.
Doctors can determine diabetes mellitus pathophysiology by performing blood tests. Often, this disease is picked up in a routine urine test as the urine can also detect a high concentration of glucose being eliminated from the system. In order to discover the pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes, however, it is important for a doctor to perform a series of blood tests to see if the patient is insulin resistant. Most of those who are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are adults, usually over the age of 50, although there is an increase in younger people being diagnosed with this disease.
Diabetes mellitus pathophysiology has many causes. The most common cause of the pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes is obesity. Most adults who are diagnosed with this condition are overweight. Being overweight as well as consuming foods that are high in carbohydrates can put someone at risk for this disease. Another factor that plays into effect when it comes to the pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes is genetics. Those who have a parent who has this disease or had gestational diabetes while pregnant run a higher risk of developing this disease as adults or even as children.
In order to treat the pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes, insulin that is lacking in the system must be replaced. This is usually done by medications that have been produced. Diet is also restricted and an overweight patient is advised to lose weight. Diabetes mellitus pathophysiology is not a disease that can be reversed, with the exception of some cases of gestational diabetes. Once someone has been diagnosed with diabetes, they have a chronic condition.
There is hope for those who are living with the pathophysiology of Type 2 diabetes. Medications and even insulin pumps can be used to control this disease. It is important for anyone with diabetes mellitus pathophysiology to be aware of their condition and follow treatment plans recommended by doctors.